are needed if you have crooked, crowded or spaced out teeth, or if you have an over or underbite. These issues can make it difficult to clean and maintain healthy teeth and can also affect one’s overall appearance and confidence. Furthermore, a misaligned bite can make it difficult to chew and can cause muscle tension and jaw pain.
Treatment options can be as follows:
Braces are the most popular type of orthodontic treatment. They are made up of 4 parts:
- A bracket is bonded onto each tooth using cement
- A wire goes into each bracket
- The wire is held in place with an elastic
- The material can be metal, clear or coloured, depending on your preference
Headgear is used to help move your jaws and teeth into their proper position. It is best used on someone who is still growing and can be used before or during other orthodontic treatments
, such as braces. These are often worn through the night.
Removable appliances are custom fitted and can move one or more teeth. They, too, can be worn before or during the use of braces.
Retainers assist in keeping teeth from moving after braces have been removed. They can be removable or attached to the teeth, and their usage will be advised by the dentist.
Oral Surgery can also be a solution for the above problems, such as crowded or misplaced teeth. Jaw surgery may also be needed if jaw sizes are not aligned or sized properly, in which case you will be referred to an oral surgeon.